The Moses Duke(s) of Camden District, SC, 1750-1850 by Tony Cox
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[I have determined through a careful study of the records there were at least three men named Moses Duke living in the Camden District of South Carolina during the late 1700s and early 1800s. I differentiate and name each Moses Duke by the South Carolina County they were living in during 1820. The three are: Moses Duke of Barnwell, Moses Duke of Richland, Moses Duke of Kershaw. The records of the three are inter-mixed and sometimes difficult to separate.

By the way, I collect Moses Duke references, so if you have one we don't mention, please send it to me. I appreciate, and would like to acknowledge here, the data contributed by Joe Lineberger, Lynn Teague, Gary Duke, and Bill Falconer. They have sent me some very good Moses Duke references. -- TLC]

Moses Duke(s) of Barnwell

Moses Duke of Barnwell is first encountered in the records of the Camden District, South Carolina in the area that later became part of the old Lancaster District and, after 1791, part of Kershaw District. The area is now in the northern part of present-day Kershaw County, SC. On July 9, 1787, James Bredin surveyed for Moses 1000 acres of land situated on the waters of Singleton Creek and the Wateree River.2 That part of the Wateree River is also known as the Catawba River. The thousand acre tract was just a few miles southeast of the grant of William Harrison, recorded in 1749, and conveyed in 1753, to John Duke3. The John Duke mentioned in the 1753 conveyance was the father of Moses Duke.  We call him John Duke of Lancaster District, SC to differentiate him from his other son, John Duke of Tattnall County, GA.  Moses' land grant was on the same creek, Singleton, as the 1751 land grant of Benjamin Duke.4 According to the plat, which was recorded March 12, 1790, Moses Duke's 1000 acre land grant was adjacent to lands laid out to John Dunn and John Gillespie. The same tract of land was found to actually contain 1206 acres when it is re-surveyed in 1824 due to litigation between the Montgomery and Starke families.5

The 1787 date is used to estimate the age of Moses Duke of Barnwell.  He likely obtained the land grant soon after his twenty-first birthday.  This yields a birth year of about 1766.  This is consistant with his combined US census data which yield a range of 1755-1766.

In addition to the record for Moses' land grant, there is another record dated 1790. On February 23, 1790, Andrew Armstrong, John Thompson, and Moses Duke, as executors of the estate of Moses' father, John Duke of Lancaster, loan to, or acknowledge the debt of, William and Thomas Starke for two hundred and fifty-four pounds Sterling.6

Moses Dukes of Barnwell is listed on the 1790 US Census for Lancaster District, SC. There are two males over 16, three males under 16, and one female listed in the Moses Dukes' household.  Nearby there is a listing for the Jno. Dukes' Estate. It lists seven slaves, nothing else.  Moses' brother, John of Tattnall, may be enumerated as the second male over 21 with Moses or he may be the John Dukes listed in Orangeburg District, Southern Division , the south part which eventually became Barnwell District.

1790 US Census for South Carolina
Page Number
Moses Dukes
Est. Jno. Dukes
026 [243]
John Dukes
100 [257]
South Orangeburg

During the next decade Moses Dukes of Barnwell and his brother John Dukes were granted numerous tracts of land in the old Orangeburg District, in the region that later became the Barnwell District, on the waters of the Big and Little Saltcatchers Rivers, as they were named on the land plats. Today, the rivers are known as the Salkehatchie River and the Little Salkehatchie River. Most of Moses' land grants were near the town of Barnwell and Toby's Creek.

The two Dukes were also buying and selling land during that decade, probably to consolidate and cull their holdings. Apparently Micajah Hughes, their brother-in-law, was involved in the effort, because he signed several conveyances as a witness. In 1798, Moses bought 100 acres on Toby's Creek from Lucy Woods. In the conveyance, he is described as being from the Orangeburgh District. The conveyance was witnessed by John Dukes and Micajah Hughes. John Dukes sold 50 acres on Fishing Branch to Samuel Still in 1799. In the conveyance, Moses Dukes is mentioned as a neighbor. It was witnessed by Thomas Still and Micajah Hughes.

So prior to 1798, Moses Dukes moved to one of the tracts of land in Barnwell District, SC where the households of Moses and John are listed on the 1800 US Census. Micajah Hughes is also listed, although not close to the Dukes.

 <10 <16 <26 <45 >45 F S
John Dukes 1800 20110 40100 0 0 #056 Barnwell
Moses Dukes 1800 10010 10001 0 6 #056 Barnwell
Micajah Hews 1800 10100 20100 0 3 #047 Barnwell
Lauranee Young 1800 02001 101000 0 0 #066 Barnwell [Laurmer in index]

After 1800 and before January 30, 1805, Moses' brother John moved to Georgia. On January 30, 1805 John Dukes of Tattnall county, Georgia sold 530 acres to John Ayers.

The Ayers conveyance is an interesting document because Moses Duke, Ann Duke, and Sarah Loveless signed as witnesses.  We have no idea what the relationship is between the three, but suspect it is worth researching.  Moses Duke married Lurana Unknown.  The marriage date is unknown but according to testimony given circa 1826 (Barnwell Chancery & Court Records, Box 11, Group 21, 22), Lurana states the marriage was many years after 1804.  Ann may be the older female listed with Moses on the 1800 census, possibly his mother, the widow of John Duke of Lancaster, although because we believe John Duke's widow may have witnessed the  1789 will of Benjamin Perry, we suspect her name was Esther.  Ann may be the mother of Esther Duke, the illlegitimate daughter of Moses Duke, born circa 1790, again, because of the will, we suspect her name was Elizabeth Benson.  She may also be the widow of Elijah, Moses' other brother.  We have found only one reference to Elijah.  It states he died.  The wife of John Duke(s) of Tattnall during this time was named Elizabeth so we can rule her out.  Was Sarah Loveless a sister-in-law?  More data are needed to settle these issues.

Moses Duke of Barnwell remained in Barnwell District, South Carolina. In 1807, Moses sold 500 acres, of his 1790 land grant in Kershaw District to his brother-in-law Micajah Crenshaw Hughes. Less than two months later, Micajah Hughes sold the 500 acres to Robert D. Montgomery.

Moses Duke appears on the 1810 US Census for Barnwell District, SC.

 <10 <16 <26 <45 >45 F S
Moses Duke 1810 01001 01001 0 7 #072 Barnwell

and also on the 1820 US Census for Barnwell District, SC

 <10 <16 <26 <45 >45 F S
Moses Dukes 1820 001101 00001 #015 Barnwell

According to the map of Barnwell District in Mill's Atlas, published circa 1825, the Moses Duke residence was about 5 miles northeast of the town of Barnwell, between Toby's Creek and the Little Salkehatchie River and about ten miles south of the Edisto River. The map was based on a survey made by Thomas Anderson in 1818.

By 1820, Moses Duke of Barnwell was in poor health, unable to sleep at night, and sometimes forgetful and disoriented during the day. According to later testimony by his doctor, Moses suffered from dropsy. However, Moses was convinced he was suffering from asthma. Late at night on March 15, 1820 (or 1821) he made his Last Will and Testament, waking house guests to sign as witnesses. In the will, he reserved most of his estate to provide income for his "beloved wife Lurana". At her death or marriage, his nephews, Moses D. Hughes and Elijah Dukes would each inherit a slave and Moses Duke's daughter Esther was to have the use and income of the remainder of the estate. After Esther's death, Moses directed the remainder of the estate be divided among Esther's children and grandchildren. Also, he directed all moveable estate not needed for the support, convenience and comfort of his wife be immediately sold to provide money to educate Esther's children.

Moses Duke of Barnwell died June 1821 in Barnwell County, SC. The will was contested, likely by Esther's husband Seth Dyches and friends. It was apparent from the trial testimony that the testators believed Moses had a low opinion of Seth and had worded his will in a way that would prevent his son-in-law from controlling the estate. Also apparent from the testimony, Esther Dyches was in poor health. The trial depositions contained in the Barnwell County Probate Records, Bundle 13, Package 11, are worthwhile reading for anyone interested in Moses Duke of Barnwell. Additional testimony can be found in the Court of Inquiry records circa November 28, 1825 (Barnwell Chancery & Court Records, Box 11, Group 21, 22).  Apparently, the litigation over the estate lasted a number of years.  In 1855, Esther Dyches, petitioned the court for permission to sell the remainder of the estate.

It is apparent from his will, that Moses Duke of Barnwell cared for children, grandchildren, and nephews. That Moses carefully considered the contents of his will is obvious from the trial testimony. Esther Dyches was an illegitimate child according to the trial depositions. A Dyches genealogy, quoting from a bible record, lists Esther's siblings as "Harriett Dukes, b. March 15, 1793, Clarissa Dukes, b. March 12, 1795, Moses Kirkland Dukes, b. Jan. 12, 1797; died June 5, 1821, Sarah Dukes, b. March 4, 1800". We can't explain why Esther was mentioned in the will and the younger siblings of Esther were not, particularly the namesake boy. Perhaps they didn't survive childhood. We regard the date for the death of Moses Kirkland Duke, Junior as a possible error. Moses Duke, Senior, died in June 1821. Perhaps the two entries were merged. Checking the 1800 census, we find that the John Duke of Tattnall household appears to be a better match for the children than Moses' household. John is known to have a daughter named Harriet. We continue to seek information about the children.

The will of Moses Duke of Barnwell names a brother, John Duke(s), and implies a sister, Unknown Duke, who married Micajah Crenshaw Hughes. Another reference, the David Gavin Diary names another brother, Elijah, who died young

Lurana apparently outlived Moses by at least 20 years because she is listed on both the 1830 and 1840 US Census for Barnwell County, SC.

Lurana Dukes Barnwell 1830 #182
Lurana Dukes Barnwell 1840 #238

The Lancaster/Kershaw District, SC grants, not otherwise specifically mentioned, that reference Moses Duke of Barnwell are: William Steel, plat for 1000 acres on the branches of Cedar Creek and the Catawba River, December 27, 1791 and William Steel, plat for 1000 acres on Cedar Creek and a branch of Catawba River, September 1, 1802.

The Barnwell District, SC grants, not otherwise specifically mentioned, that reference Moses Duke are: Moses Duke, plat for 840 acres on the Saltcatcher River, August 22, 1792, John Duke, plat 338 acres on the Fishery Branch of Toby's Creek, October 1, 1795, Moses Duke, plat for 424 acres on the Jack Savannah of the Big Saltcatchers River, September 10, 1796, John Dukes, plat for 236 acres on Toby's Creek, July 23, 1801, John Duke, plat for 309 acres on Toby's Creek and Cain Piece Swamp, surveyed for Moses Dukes, July 23, 1801, Teagle Myles, plat for 102 acres on Toby's Creek, December 15, 1814, Daniel Odam, plat for 417 acres on the Cane Trace and Toby's Creek, December 9, 1820, Elijah Dyche, plat for 312 acres on east of Toby's Creek, December 2, 1854 and Federick Croff, plat for 56 acres, December 9, 1859.

Moses Duke of Richland
- Born: between December 10, 1763 - January 28, 1764
- Married: Unknown date, to Mary Faust
- Died: Unknown
- Known Children: Elizabeth
- Suspected Children: Esther (or Hester), Beatrice, Minerva, Louanna, and Martha
- Known Siblings: Thomas, Rachael, Aaron, Anne, Hestor (or Easter), and Jesse
- Suspected Siblings: Jeremiah
- Parents: Robert Duke of Camden, died circa 1785, Nancy Unknown

Moses Duke of Richland was the son of Robert Duke of Camden District, who died circa 1785. The first record we have for Moses of Richland was found in the South Carolina Revolutionary War Account Audited File number 2067A. This File contains two accounts and indents, the first, Number 251 is for Robert Duke, Junior. We believe the second account, number 252, is for Robert Duke of Camden who sold livestock and foodstuffs to the military. With the second account is a barely legible testament by Moses. "Moses Duke his hand and pen he ??...??...Samuel Hutchinson...??" Another record in the account is a July 3, 1781 receipt from Samuel Hutchison for a three year old heifer "...for the use of Cols Hills Regt of Light Dragoons..." We believe Moses witnessed this transaction.

Also in 1781 Robert and Moses Duke apparently provided an appraisal for a gray horse that Moses' brother-in-law, Peter Crim, sold to Col Henry Hampton's Regiment. Peter Crim was the husband of Moses' sister, Rachael. We are still searching for the primary source of this reference.

Next we find Moses Duke of Richland mentioned in the Last Will and Testament of his father. Moses was not quite 21 years old when it was written, December 10, 1784. He was 21 and a witness when the will was recorded in the probate records, January 28, 1785, Kershaw District, SC. In the will, Moses was named executor of his father's estate and inherited half of a 600 acre plantation on Twenty Five Mile Creek. Twenty Five Mile Creek is a tributary of the Wateree, or Catawba, River. The plantation was located in the area where Kershaw, Richland, and Fairfield Districts met.

We should observe that near the southwestern present-day Kershaw County border, the Twenty Five Mile Creek forks and the south branch, flowing from Richland County, is known as Rice Creek. The north branch continues through Richland County into Fairfield County, and retains the name of Twenty Five Mile Creek. In northeastern Richland County, near the border, a southern tributary of the creek is called Roundtop Branch. Moses Duke of Richland owned land on all three branches and lived in the area most of his life. At that time, a number of the surrounding plantations were owned by close relatives of Moses. During his lifetime, the state divisions were known as districts, rather than counties, and the boundaries were differently drawn and redrawn. At one time all of Twenty Five Mile Creek was in Fairfield District. In Mills Atlas, published circa 1825, Twenty Five Mile Creek is depicted forking at the border between Kershaw and the other two districts with Rice Creek in Richland District and the upper Twenty Five Mile Creek, including Roundtop Branch, in Fairfield District.

Moses Duke of Richland is listed on the 1790 US Census for Fairfield District, SC. Enumerated in the household are three males over the age of 16, one male under the age of 16, three females, and three slaves. Listed nearby is Thomas Duke's household, with one male over the age of 16, five under 16, three females, and one slave. Thomas was Moses Duke's older brother.

Moses Duke         1790 3 1 3 0  3        #022 Fairfield
Thomas Duke        1790 1 5 3 0  1        #022 Fairfield

On the tax roll of Authur Brown Ross, Dated Oct 11, 1787, Moses Dukes is first listed as a defaulter, the line is marked through, and below it Moses Duke is listed as owning 400 acres and three slaves.

His brother Thomas Duke, died before April 10, 1793. Moses Duke is listed as a debtor in the appraisement of Thomas' estate. The debt was a note for 25 pounds.

Moses Duke of Richland, as executor of his father Robert Duke's estate, sold a hundred acres in Kershaw District to Mary Turner in February 1794, recorded September 17, 1794. The tract of land was on Horsepen Branch, a tributary of Sawney's Creek which drains into the Wateree, or Catawba River. It was land originally granted to Robert Duke on September 9, 1774. We believe it is the tract referred to in Robert's will as near Carey's or Curry's old sawmill.

On June 30, 1795, he sold seventy-five acres of his holding to Edward Sims.

Next we find him listed on the 1800 US Census for Fairfield District, SC near his brother, Aaron.

 <10 <16 <26 <45 >45 F S
Moses Dukes 1800 12110 30011 0 2 #226 Fairfield
Aaron Dukes 1800 11010 30010 0 0 #227 Fairfield

Moses Duke of Richland married Mary Faust and his brother, Aaron, married Mary's sister, Peggy. The father of Mary and Peggy, John Faust died in Richland District before September 5, 1800. Moses Duke was one of the buyers at the estate sale and, through his wife Mary, an inheritor.

Moses Duke of Richland, along with his brother Aaron, are mentioned as adjacent land owners to a tract of 73 acres granted to Samuel Duke in 1802.

During this time Moses was acquiring land on Rice Creek in Richland District. There is a record for a state grant plat of 734 acres on Rice Creek, July 30, 1802.

As late as 1804, Moses Duke of Richland continued to live in Fairfield District. In January of that year he sold two tracts of land in Kershaw District to the John, Peter and Thomas Crim. Moses' sister, Rachael, was married to Peter Crim. In the conveyance, Moses indicated he was from Fairfield District. Mary, the wife of Moses, relinquished her dower right to the land in 1836. At that time she was a resident of Richland District.

According to an abstracted entry in the Camden District Equity Journal, Moses Duke, along with Archelaus Watkins, Authur Collins, Samuel Watkins, and Isaac Ross, investigated the sanity of Judith Dougherty. They were charged with this task by the court on June 19, 1809. Judith was the widow of John Dougherty and the mother of Mary Dougherty who married Thomas , the older brother of Moses Duke of Richland.

The records indicate that in 1810 Moses Duke owed $882.59 to the Balsir Faust estate. Balsir was deceased prior to 1808. Balsir left three minor children. At the time of his death, the oldest was five.

In 1810, Moses Duke was enumerated in the Richland District where he is listed on the 1810 US Census.

 <10 <16 <26 <45 >45 F S
Moses Duke 1810 21110 ?1110 0 4 #172 Richland

When Henry Faust died prior to March 1812, Christian Faust and Moses Duke of Richland signed the Administrator's Bond. Christian applied for the Letter of Administration (LOA) March 7, 1812 and was made administrator on March 16. Later, Moses applied for an LOA and was made administrator in 1813.

Moses Duke was one of the 5 possible appraisers for the estate of Elizabeth Duke, deceased 1815. He was not chosen to appraise the estate.

In Fairfield District on October 10, 1816, Moses was granted a plat for 45 acres on Twenty Five Mile Creek and a plat for 330 acres on Roundtop Branch. Earlier, still during 1816, Moses was granted land in Richland District: a plat for 133 acres on Big Rice Creek on February 14 and a plat for 807 acres on Big Rice Creek, March 30.

We could not find a 1820 US Census listing for Moses Duke of Richland. However, additional grants in the Richland District: a plat for 108 acres between Rice and Cedar Creeks on October 24, 1820 and a plat for 890.25 acres on Rice Creek, October 10, 1820 indicate he continued living in that District. Certainly, most of the land he owned and farmed was in Richland District.

In 1821 the administrator of the estate of Balsir Faust, reimbursed Moses Duke and Aaron Duke for expenses incurred by the Balsir's minor children.

The Mills Atlas, published circa 1825, contains a Richland District map, based on an 1820 survey by Marmaduke Coate, which depicts a place in the northeastern part of the district named Duke's Mills, This is near the location where Gin Branch flows into Rice Creek and near the lands granted to Moses Duke of Richland.

Moses is enumerated on the 1830 US census for Richland District.

 <5 <10 <15 <20 <30 <40 <50 <60 <70 <80 <90 <100 >100
Moses Duke 1830 0011110010000 1111300100000 #401 Richland

Moses and Mary had at least one daughter, Elizabeth. She died October 29, 1830 at age 30. Elizabeth was married to James Donovan. Moses Duke may have had at least five more daughters: Esther (or Hester), Beatrice, Minerva, Louanna, and Martha.

On February 2, 1836, Moses Duke sold to George Lorick the 300 acres on Twenty Five Mile Creek he inherited from his father Robert Duke. Mary, Moses' wife relinquished her dower right on March 16, 1836.

The Richland District, SC grants, not otherwise specifically mentioned, that reference Moses Duke of Richland are: John Thorton, plat for 640 acres on Rice Creek, August 22, 1805, John Thornton, plat for 55 acres on Big Rice Creek, April 12, 1808 and William Smith, plat for 96.75 on Rice Creek, September 29, 1819,.

The Fairfield District, SC grants, not otherwise specifically mentioned, that reference Moses Duke of Richland are: Absalom Weathersbee, plat for 302 acres on Roundtop Branch July 6, 1816, Robert Duke, plat for 189.5 acres on Twenty Five Mile Creek, August 8, 1818.

Moses Duke of Kershaw
- Born: 1775-1780, SC (estimated from census records)
- Married: circa 1801, SC, to Nancy Burge
- Died: Before August, 1841, Fayette County, AL
- Known Children: Richard, Austin P., Bartlett S., Burrell B., Sarah K.
- Known Sibling: Elizabeth Duke, married Thomas L. Foster circa 1800
- Parents: Unknown

We have tentatively identified the conveyance of the slave girl, Lucy, from Elizabeth Burge to Moses Dukes on November 26, 1801 as the first known record of Moses Duke of Kershaw.

The wife of Moses Duke of Kershaw was Nancy Burge. Her father was Burrell Burge, deceased intestate in 1797. Elizabeth Burge was the wife of Burrell Burge. His estate was sold and the proceeds divided after January 1801.

Our identification of the reference is based these six observations: (1) the date, (2) the parties involved, (3) the mention of Burrell Burge's estate in the conveyance, (4) no mention of an monetary amount, uncommon in conveyances during that period, (5) the estimated value of a girl slave was about right for Nancy's portion of the estate, (6) the identification of Moses Duke of Kershaw District. In other documents of this time period, Moses Duke of Barnwell identified himself as from Barnwell District. Likewise, Moses Duke of Richland variously identified himself as from Fairfield District and from Richland District.

Nancy, who was a minor when her father, Burrell Burge, died in 1797, may not have been 21 in 1801. In any event, once she married Moses, she was entitled to receive her inheritance.

Moses Duke of Kershaw apparently purchased his first tract of land on December 27, 1815 from James Brown of Fairfield District. The land, 337 acres, was in Kershaw District on Bear Creek, a northwestern tributary of Twenty Five Mile Creek. Bear Creek drains the extreme southeastern corner of Fairfield County, flows through the extreme northeastern corner of Richland County, and runs several miles in western Kershaw County before joining with Twenty Five Mile Creek. The location of this purchase was east, within 10 miles, of the land belonging to the descendants of Robert Duke, died circa 1785.

On the 1820 US Census for Kershaw District, Moses is listed near Elias Dukes.

 <10 <16 <18 <26 <45 >45 F S
Elias Dukes 1820 210110 20110 #148 Kershaw
Moses Dukes 1820 320010 20010 #148 Kershaw

Moses Duke added to his land in Kershaw District, South Carolina on June 15, 1821 with a land grant of 23 acres on Rocky Branch a tributary of Bear Creek. This land was adjacent to land he already owned. We have yet to locate the Rocky Branch of Bear Creek. There is a Rocky Branch on the east side of Twenty Five Mile Creek; however Moses Duke's land is described in the Brown conveyance as on the west side of Twenty Five Mile Creek.

On November 14, 1821, he completed his South Carolina land holdings by buying 213 acres of Kershaw District land on Rocky Branch from Thomas Salmond. Again this land was adjacent to land he already earned.

In the Salmond conveyance, Moses is named Moses Duke, Junior. Perhaps this was done to differentiate him from Moses Duke of Richland who owned land nearby in Fairfield and Richland Districts. Or perhaps the father of Moses Duke of Kershaw was also named Moses Duke. From the 1850 US census listings of his children we know Moses of Kershaw was born in South Carolina. Of the other Moses Dukes in South Carolina, Moses Duke of Barnwell is the only known candidate old enough to father Moses Duke of Kershaw. It is interesting to note that the two appear to have come from same general area of southern Lancaster and northern Kershaw Districts. And that the Burge families owned land next to the Dukes in this area. We continue to investigate this possibility. Another notable fact about the Salmond conveyance is the price of the land. Moses Duke of Kershaw paid Thomas Salmond fifty cents per acre, considerably less than the average price in 1821.

In 1830, the US Census for Kershaw District, SC lists Moses Duke of Kershaw adjacent to Richard Dukes. On this particular census, the fact that they are adjacent means little because the local enumerator entered the names in a rough alphabetical order. However, we believe that Richard Duke was the oldest son of Moses.

 <5 <10 <15 <20 <30 <40 <50 <60 <70 <80 <90 <100 >100 S F
Richard Dukes 1830 1000100000000 0100100000000 0 0 #Kershaw
Moses Dukes 1830 0010200100000 0111001000000 7 0 #Kershaw

After the 1830 census, Moses Duke of Kershaw and his family except for Austin, moved to Mississippi. The family purchased land in Lowndes County and nearby, across the state line, in Fayette County, Alabama. The Mississippi and Alabama part of their lives is covered in more detail in The Moses Duke of Kershaw Family.. It is likely Moses never returned to South Carolina. Rather, when necessary, he gave his one of his sons: Bartlett and Burrell, the power of attorney. Each made a trip to South Carolina: Bartlett in 1833, and Burrell in 1835, to sell Moses Duke of Kershaw's land. Divided into three tracts, the land was sold to Peter W. Rush, David Montgomery, and Landers L. Hogan

Moses Duke of Kershaw is listed in 1840 US Census for Lowndes Co., MS on page 93 next to B. B. Duke. The census is dated Dec 19, 1840. The listing shows Moses Duke age 60-70 and his wife, age 40-50. There are no children in household. They have two slaves, one male, age 24-36, one female, age 24-36. B. B. Duke was Burrell Burge Duke, the son of Moses.

The following notice can be found in an 1842 issue of the "The Democratic Gazette and Flag of the Union". "Letters of Administration on Estate of Moses Duke, late of Fayette Co., Alabama, granted to B. S. Duke on August 12, 1841." Moses Duke of Kershaw died prior to that date. B. S. Duke was Bartlett Smith Duke, the son of Moses.

References we are unable to assign to a particular Moses Duke

1850 Census Mortality Schedule for Pickens County, AL; Moses Duke, age 70, from SC.

1802, Mention in the will of John Abbott, deceased 1802, Kershaw District, SC

1803, Indenture, Moses Duke to Elizabeth Abbot, Kershaw District, SC Deed Book D, p 83

1 The surname of Kirkland for Lurana's maiden name is mentioned in the Dyches genealogy reference, likely inferred from the name of the boy, Moses Kirklin Duke, in the bible record.  Most Duke researchers believe this is an error.  Moses Duke of Barnwell was likely named after Moses Kirkland, a well known person in pre-revolutionary war South Carolina and apparently a personal friend of John Duke(s) of Lancaster, Moses' father.  Those interested in the surname of Lurana should research the Hart family.  In a deposition (Barnwell Chancery & Court Records, Box 11, Group 21, 22), John Hart is described as a relative.  On two occasions, Lurana conveyed property to the Harts for "love and effection".  The first was in 1824, to John Hart (Barnwell Deed Book O, page 453) and in 1843, to B. A. Hart (Barnwell Deed Book AA, page 203.  I have not seen these references.  Other interesting conveyances I would like to see: Elijah Duke to Edward Duke (Barnwell Deed Book AA, page 285), Edward Duke to Allen Hart (Barnwell Deed Book BB, page140), John Hart to Laurence Duke (Barnwell Deed Book T, page 345), and George Odom to Lurany Duke (Barnwell Deed Book W, page 2).  Lurana may have been a widow with a surname of Young when she married Moses Duke. For this, refer to the conveyance: John Duke to L. Young (Barnwell Deed Book B, page 235) and the plat of the 1796 land grant to Hariot Duke (SC State Plats Volume 32, page 664-1). On this plat of a tract of land on Toby's Creek, an adjacent neighbor is identified as Lauranee Young. Moses Duke of Barnwell lived nearby on Tobys Creek.

2Camden District Deed Books, 1785-1799, Book C, page 315. [SC Dept of Archives entry 0009-008-0025-00173-01 (dated 1790/03/12)]

3SC Charleston Deeds, Volume 3E, pages 1-6, [SC Dept of Archives entry 0007-001-03E0-01727-00]

4Royal Grants, Volume 4, page 367 [SC Dept of Archives entry 0002-005-0004-00367-00]

5Some South Carolina Genealogical Records, Janie Revill, 1986, Southern Historical Press, page 105

6Lancaster County, SC Deed Book C&E, page 61