The Dukes, Crawfords and Lides in the Cheraws

William Duke in Chesterfield

In 1785 a William Duke owned land in southern Chesterfield County:

Series Number: S213190 

Volume: 0012 

Page:  00161     

Item: 003 

Date: 1785/08/22

Description: LIDE, WILLIAM, PLAT FOR 640 ACRES ON HARRIS CREEK, CHERAW DISTRICT, SURVEYED BY ALEXANDER CRAIG.

Names Indexed: LIDE, WILLIAM/CRAIG, ALEXANDER/DUKE, WILLIAM/POWE, THOMAS/DEWITT, WILLIAM/

Locations: CHERAWS DISTRICT/PEE DEE RIVER/HARRIS CREEK

Type: PLAT/

Harris Creek appears on the 1825 Mills Atlas on the boundary of Chesterfield County and Darlington County as a tributary of Big Cedar Creek, a tributary of the Pee Dee River. The William Lide above was a son of John Lide, one of the three sons of Robert Lide and his wife Sarah Duke Lide of Darlington County/

In 1800 William Dukes was listed in the federal census of Chesterfield County. He is listed on page 359 near Nicholas Nicholson. Others in his household included 3 boys 0-10, 1 boy 10-16, and an adult male more than 45 years old. There were also a female 25-45 years old, two girls 1-10, and a girl 10-16. This William Dukes would have been born in 1755 or earlier.

Duke in Darlington District

The militia records of Darlington County, South Carolina, include a William Duke on the Black Creek Company Muster Roll for 1816.[1]

An undated reference [certainly 19th century] from the SCDAH records :

Series: S165015 

Year: ND00 

Item: 04826 

ignore:00 

Date: N.D.

Description: INHABITANTS OF DARLINGTON DISTRICT, PETITION ASKING TO DISCONTINUE THE ROAD ON THE PEE DEE RIVER FROM POUNCEYS FERRY TO BEUTONS MILL CREEK. (2 PAGES)

Names  Indexed: EDWARDS, JOHN J./BROWN, P. C./COGGESHALL, P. C./WILDS, P. A./LIDE, HUGH/LIDE, W. H./ERVIN, ROBERT/MANDEVILLE, C./COLEMAN, JAMES/DUKE, T. J. J./THOMAS, W. B./ADDAMS, BENJAMIN/FOUNTAIN, H./BROWN, K./BACOT, SAMUEL/ROGERS, ELIJHA/DUBOSE, ISAIAH/BISHOP, J./HUNTER, THOMAS/HART, THOMAS E.

Locations: DARLINGTON DISTRICT/PEE DEE RIVER/CHARLESTON/GEORGETOWN

Type: PETITION/

               Topics: ROADS, COMMISSIONERS OF/STREETS, ROADS, AND HIGHWAYS

Sarah Duke in Marlboro County

In 1800, Sarah Duke is listed on the Winyaw, Georgetown District, census, p. 363. In 1810 a Sarah Duke is listed in Marlboro County, page 92. These may be the same individual who appears in a message from Mirian Bailey (Miriam@phonl.com) sent 26 Sep 1997: “Meanwhile, my interest in the Dukes is William Duke who married Sarah, daughter of Joseph McDaniel, Sr., before 1803 in Marlboro Co., SC. Does anyone have info about a William Dukes who married a McDaniel?”

The Duke Family of the Cheraws in Charleston County

William Duke in 1787

William Duke witnessed this Charleston real estate transaction. The William Duke in question was probably from the Cheraws.

Charleston Deed Book Y-5, pp. 56-60: “Lease and mortgage, 2 & 3 Apr 1787, John Gatch of Charleston, SC, carpenter, and Catherine his wife, to Lightfoot Harrison Davis and James Nicholson, both of said city, by bond in the penal sum of 60 pounds sterling, as tenants in common and not as joint tenants, lot in the village of Rumney on Meeting Street on a creek which divides it from the distillery. John Gatch (LS) Catherine Gatch (LS) (S) (LS), Wit: Wm. Duke, John DeWitt. Proved in Charlestown District by the oath of John DeWitt 23 Apr 1787 before Peter Horry, J. P. Recorded 23 Apr 1787." Ref: South Carolina Deed Abstracts 1783-1788.

In 1757 John Dewitt owned land on Jeffrys Creek, Craven County.[2] This is the Florence, SC, area and was the location of Benjamin Duke’s in-laws, Burtonhead Boutwell and Elizabeth Commander Boutwell.[3] DeWitt was a clerk of court there. William Duke of Chesterfield Count was listed in the 1800 census as a very near neighbor of Nicholas Nicholson.

William Duke of St. Stephens and Goose Creek

The Duke-Wright association documented in the affairs of Mary Duke Crawford Laurens is echoed in the affairs of William Dukes of St. Stephens, Charleston County, SC. This William Duke also seems to have originated in the Duke families in the Cheraws.

In 1821 a plat shows William Dukes with 509 acres in St. Stephens Parish:

Series Number: S213190 

Volume: 0039 

Page: 00232 

Item:00 

Date: 1821/02/05

Description: DUKES, WILLIAM, PLAT FOR 509 ACRES IN ST. STEPHENS PARISH, CHARLESTON DISTRICT, SURVEYED BY MICHAEL BYRNE.

Names  Indexed: DUKES, WILLIAM/BYRNE, MICHAEL/PETERSON/PONTOUX/

Locations: SAINT STEPHENS PARISH/CHARLESTON DISTRICT

Type: PLAT/

The census data suggest that this St. Stephens Parish land was the home place of this Dukes family. The federal census of 1830 lists William Dukes in St. Stephens, Charleston Co, p. 188. It shows that William was born in 1770-1780. The St. Stephens location indicates that he was between the Santee and the Cooper rivers, above St. Thomas and St. Denis and above St. James Santee. St. Stephens extended inland to Gaillard’s Island on the Santee, and took in the area east of St. Julien Plantation to the Santee.

Use of the same surveyor suggests that this William Dukes is the same individual as that in St. Stephens Parish, in this case owning land in St. Thomas and St. Denis Parish:

Series Number: S213190 

Volume: 0039 

Page: 00211 

Item: 01 

Date: 1820/06/06

Description: DUKES, WILLIAM, PLAT FOR 1,000 ACRES ON WAMBAW SWAMP, ST. THOMAS PARISH, CHARLESTON DISTRICT, SURVEYED BY MICHAEL BYRNE.

Names Indexed: DUKES, WILLIAM/BYRNE, MICHAEL/PORTHREL, THOMAS/HILLARD, JAMES/BONO, ARNOL/

Locations: BIG WAMBAW SWAMP/SAINT THOMAS AND SAINT DENIS PARISH/CHARLESTON DISTRICT

Type: PLAT/

An 1829 reference in the records of the Charleston County Ordinary shows that William Dukes and Elizabeth Wright Dukes were involved in a legal action against a couple named Brazil regarding settlement of the estate of Jeremiah Wright.[4] The only Jeremiah Wright of an appropriate age found in the South Carolina census was in Williamsburg in 1800, Marion District, listed on page 91. He was listed near the Matthews family, and also John Frierson, Joseph Scott, and John Brockington. This places him near Clapp Swamp, where George Dukes held land in 1790.[5]

In 1790 Jeremiah Wright was listed in St. Thomas, the Cheraws District, on page 47. In 1800 he was listed in Williamsburg, Marion District, near David McClary, John Frierson, John Matthews (estate), Witherspoons, and others.

The same William Duke may have owned land at Goose Creek. St. James Goose Creek lay on the west of the Cooper River, across from St. Thomas and St. Denis. It extended inland as far as Nelson’s Ferry on the Santee, and included Dean’s Swamp on the Four Holes, and the Four Holes as far inland as the modern Orangeburg County boundary.

A William Dukes plat for 1,830 acres in St. James Goose Creek Parish adjacent Thomas Hyott and Sineath is undated.[6] William J. Sineath began acquiring Goose Creek property in 1833, and lived at 12-Mile House until 1865.[7] His land was in part on the old Manigault Steepbrook Estate, and was adjacent the Parker/Barker estate at Martindale. Thomas Elmes was also a nearby landowner.

In 1835 a plat was filed by William Dukes for 149 acres in St. James Goose Creek Parish, adjacent Lewis Cannon, Martindale, William Manigault, Thomas Hyott and Glen Hyott.[8]

In 1850 88 acres of William Dukes’ land in St. James Goose Creek was platted:

Series Number: L10005 

Reel:  0003 

Plat:  01558 

ignore: 00 

Date: 1850/03

Description: DUKES, WILLIAM, PLAN OF A TRACT OF LAND CONTAINING 88 ACRES SITUATED IN THE PARISH OF ST. JAMES GOOSE CREEK, S.C., SURVEYED AT THE REQUEST AND FOR MR. GLEN HYOTH BY RICHARD H. JONES. (B.6, P.15)

Names Indexed: DUKES, WILLIAM/DUKES, FLORENCE/JONES, RICHARD H./HYOTH, THOMAS/HYOTH, GLEN/MONPOLY/

Locations: SAINT JAMES GOOSE CREEK PARISH/

Type: PLAN/

Thomas Hyott owned a bridge on the Four Holes (Series: S165015 Year - 1834 Item - 00043 Date: 1834/11/14).

This last reference relates to settlement of William’s estate:

Series Number: L10005 

Reel: 0008 

Plat: 04212 

Date: 1850/03-1870/06

Description: DUKES, WILLIAM, PLAT REPRESENTING 88 ACRES OF LAND ABOUT TO BE CONVEYED TO GLEN HYOTT BY HEIRS OF DUKES IN THE PARISH OF SAINT JAMES GOOSE CREEK, SURVEYED BY RICHARD H. JONES. (C.137)

Names Indexed: DUKES, WILLIAM/JONES, RICHARD H./HYOTT, GLEN/ONEIL/SINEATH/MONPY/DUKES, FLORENCE/HYOTT, THOMAS/

Locations: SAINT JAMES GOOSE CREEK PARISH/

Type: PLAT/

 

This document is copyright © 2007 by Lynn Teague. All rights reserved. The copyright must appear on all copies.

 

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[1] Bell, Mary Campbell. 1985. War of 1812 Militia Records of Darlington County, South Carolina. South Carolina Magazine of Ancestral Research, Vol. XIII: 23.

[2] Colonial Plats. Series No. S213184. Volume 0006. Page 00295. Item 02. Date: 1757/03/22. South Carolina Department of Archives and History.

[3] South Carolina inventories Vol. Y p.139-145 3 Oct. 1769, Burtonhead Boutwell, Roll #ST497. South Carolina Department of Archives and History.

[4] Holcomb, Brent H. 2002. Charleston County S C Journal of the Ordinary. Columbia: SCMAR. Page 178.

[5] Colonial Plats. Series Number S213190. Vol. 0026. Page 00105. Item 02. Date 1790/02/11. South Carolina Department of Archives and History.

[6] Plats. Series L10005. Reel 0008. Plat 04181. N.D. South Carolina Department of Archives and History.

[7] Heitzler, Michael J. 2005. Goose Creek: A Definitive History. Charleston: History Press. Pages 170-171.

[8] Series L10005. Reel 0003. Plat: 01630. Date 1835/12/29. South Carolina Department of Archives and History.